Three Types of Motor Skill Development

The most important skill to learn is the skill of motor control. Without this skill, you cannot do anything, and that’s pretty much it. Fine motor skills, however, are an entirely different matter. Like many skills, motor skill development involves a progression of skills from basic to more advanced levels. There are three basic types of motor skill development, which I will discuss here.


The first type of motor skill development involves the development of fine motor control. This involves the development of fine motor movement, including hand, eye, and facial movements. These movements will include hand grasping, finger movement, and various types of body movements, such as crawling, walking, standing, and balancing. In addition to fine movements, fine motor control will also include some aspects of gross motor control, including the ability to hold and manipulate objects without having the physical movements perform the task first.

The second type of motor skill development involves the development of gross motor skill. The gross motor skill refers to the abilities to perform certain tasks, such as chewing, swallowing, walking, and kicking. While these types of skills can be learned on their own, they are typically learned through experience, as well. It is typically necessary to learn gross motor skill in order to be able to do many activities, including playing with other children, holding down a job, carrying out simple household chores, etc. While a child will usually develop fine motor skill through experience, they will also need to learn gross motor skill, too. Learning gross motor skill will involve the ability to hold objects and use them as well as perform basic physical movements, such as pushing, pulling, and throwing.

The third type of motor skill development focuses more on the ability to coordinate motor movements of the mind. This type of skill development encompasses motor planning and motor sequencing, as well as motor timing. This type of motor skill development involves the ability to perform tasks at various speeds and in varying environments. A skilled motorist can easily control and navigate an automobile on a highway, drive a vehicle under way on a road trip, and play sports at a high level in a high school game. While these skills may be learned through trial and error, the development of these skills will be accelerated by training exercises, especially if you have a good teacher. The motor planning and sequencing skill will involve the ability to anticipate where you will need to go next to complete a particular task, as well as how you will need to move from point A to point B.

As previously mentioned, all three types of motor skill development involve the development of motor coordination skills. While motor coordination is a difficult skill to learn on its own, it can be developed through trial and error and a great deal of practice. This skill is related to gross motor coordination, but the coordination part requires much more than fine motor skill; coordination also involves being able to make the right hand and foot function simultaneously.

The final type of motor skill development focuses on motor sequencing, which refers to being able to perform a task in a manner that is sequential. This skill involves recognizing what action to take next and performing that action in a sequential order.